Socio-Economic Factor Index (SEFI) Tables

Date: July 2006
Table 1

List of Socioeconomic Characteristics Collected from 1986, 1991 and 1996 Censuses

Classification Variable Definition Reason for Excluding from SEFI
Dwelling Characteristics Dwelling Value A. Not Defined for On-Reserve Households
Education Percent of Population aged 25-34 with High School Diploma or Equivalent  
Percent of Population aged 35-44 with High School Diploma or Equivalent  
Percent of Population aged 45-54 with High School Diploma or Equivalent  
Employment Percent Labour Force, Farming B. Proxy for Urban/Rural Differences
Percent Labour Force, Managerial/Sciences B. Proxy for Urban/Rural Differences
Percent Labour Force, Manufacturing/Construction/Transportation B. Proxy for Urban/Rural Differences
Labour Force Participation Percent, Women aged 15+  
Unemployment Rate, Aged 15-24  
Unemployment Rate, Aged 25-34  
Unemployment Rate, Aged 35-44  
Unemployment Rate, Aged 45-54  
Income Average Household Income  
Percent of All Households in Owner-Occupied Dwellings A. Not Defined for On-Reserve Households
Percent Owner-Occupied Household with Costs>= 30% of Income A. Not Defined for On-Reserve Households
Percent of all Tenant-Occupied Household with Costs>=30% of Income A. Not Defined for On-Reserve Households
Mobility Percent In-migrants, within Canada E. Not Applicable to Health Status
Social Characteristics Age Dependency Ratio  
Percent Single Parent Household with Children  
Percent Female Single Parent Household with Children  
Percent Female Parent, aged 15-24 D. Not Present on 1991/1996 Census
Percent French Mother Tongue C. Proxy for Native/Non-Native Differences
Percent Native Mother Tongue C. Proxy for Native/Non-Native Differences

Table 2

List of Candidate Socioeconomic Indicators

Indicator Method of Estimation  Component Characteristics  Municipality Level Comparison Across Years 
        1986  1991  1996 
SPASFLUE  First principal component factor of 6 variable model (7 variables excluding average household income).  A (Age Dep. Ratio), 

S (Single Parent), 

F (Female Single Parent), 

L (Labour Force Part. Female), 

U (Unemployment Factor), 

E (Education Factor) 

R2 /Prop. Cum. Var.1

Corr. W. Dir PMR2

Corr. W. 86/91 SERI3

0.37

0.51

0.86 

0.45

0.56

0.81 

0.41

0.63

0.75 

SOCPC07  First principal component factor of 7 variable model.  A (Age Dep. Ratio), 

S (Single Parent), 

F (Female Single Parent), 

L (Labour Force Part. Female), 

I (Average HH Income),

U (Unemployment Factor), 

E (Education Factor) 

R2 /Prop. Cum. Var.1

Corr. W. Dir PMR2

Corr. W. 86/91 SERI3

0.40

0.50

0.86

 

0.43

0.59

0.86 

0.41

0.62

0.73 

STEP12R  Stepwise Regression model of 12 candidate variables (dependent variable = PPHSI).  A (Age Dep. Ratio), 

S (Single Parent), 

L (Labour Force Part. Female), 

I (Average HH Income),

U15 (Unemployment 15-24),

U45 (Unemployment 45-54) 

R2 /Prop. Cum. Var.1

Corr. W. Dir PMR2

Corr. W. 86/91 SERI3

0.56

0.53

0.86 

0.56

0.62

0.89 

N/A

 

STEP12P  First principal component factor of variables selected in stepwise regression of 12 candidate variables.  A (Age Dep. Ratio), 

S (Single Parent), 

L (Labour Force Part. Female), 

I (Average HH Income),

U15 (Unemployment 15-24),

U45 (Unemployment 45-54) 

R2 /Prop. Cum. Var.1

Corr. W. Dir PMR2

Corr. W. 86/91 SERI3

0.38

0.52

0.87 

0.42

0.53

0.82 

0.39

0.62

0.73 

STEP07R  Stepwise Regression model of 7 candidate variables (dependent variable = PPHSI)  A (Age Dep. Ratio), 

S (Single Parent), 

L (Labour Force Part. Female), 

I (Average HH Income),

U (Unemployment Factor), 

R2 /Prop. Cum. Var.1

Corr. W. Dir PMR2

Corr. W. 86/91 SERI3

0.53

0.53

0.87 

0.54

0.63

0.87 

N/A 
STEP07P  First principal component factor of variables selected in stepwise regression of 7 candidate variables.  A (Age Dep. Ratio), 

S (Single Parent), 

L (Labour Force Part. Female), 

I (Average HH Income),

U (Unemployment Factor) 

R2 /Prop. Cum. Var.1

Corr. W. Dir PMR2

Corr. W. 86/91 SERI3

0.42

0.50

0.80 

0.46

0.59

0.83 

0.46

0.61

0.74 

1R2 value is reported for regression based coefficients. Proportion of total variance is reported for principal component factors. See f=stepwise_pphsi86_2.sas, stepwise_pphsi91_2.sas, sesind_munc96.sas

2Pearson Correlation with Direct Adjusted PMR See f=compare_mun_ses.sas.:

_ 1986:N=277. Correlation analysis excludes 3 municipalities with extreme values of direct adjusted PMR 

_ 1991:N=280

_ 1996:N=281

3Pearson Correlation with 1986/91 Composite SERI. All years N=265.

Table 3: 1986 Census SEFI by Regional Health Authority
RHA 
SEFI86

(Centred) 

SSEFI86

(Standardized) 

D_PREMA

Direct Adjusted PMR 

SERI8691 
A-40 CENTRAL 
0.10811 
0.23971 
3.71521 
0.10083 
BN-20 NORTH EASTMAN 
0.35035 
0.77681 
4.0945 
0.18826 
BS-25 SOUTH EASTMAN 
0.16641 
0.36898 
3.20856 
0.11366 
C-30 INTERLAKE 
0.26081 
0.5783 
4.37127 
0.16394 
D-70 NORMAN 
0.50921 
1.12905 
5.12983 
0.7197 
E-60 PARKLAND 
0.38123 
0.84529 
4.02141 
0.6881 
FB-80 BURNTWOOD 
1.34853 
2.99006 
4.8849 
1.70325 
FC-90 CHURCHILL 
-0.39614 
-0.87835 
6.90981 
0.62753 
G-15 BRANDON 
-0.24223 
-0.53708 
4.37413 
-0.27342 
GM-50 MARQUETTE 
0.10542 
0.23374 
4.02065 
0.33497 
GS-55 SOUTH WESTMAN 
0.05955 
0.13204 
3.58637 
0.08284 
K-10 WPG 
-0.21771 
-0.48271 
4.09175 
-0.29025 
Standard Deviation 
0.451003 
0.999999 
0.540038 

Table 4: 1991 Census SEFI by Regional Health Authority 
RHA 
SEFI91

(Centred) 

SSEFI91

(Standardized) 

D_PREMA

Direct Adjusted PMR 

SERI8691 
A-40 CENTRAL 
-0.26454 
-0.65385 
3.40602 
0.10083 
BN-20 NORTH EASTMAN 
-0.04272 
-0.10559 
3.98979 
0.18826 
BS-25 SOUTH EASTMAN 
-0.32863 
-0.81225 
3.06168 
0.11366 
C-30 INTERLAKE 
-0.16703 
-0.41285 
4.19828 
0.16394 
D-70 NORMAN 
0.42765 
1.05699 
5.0103 
0.7197 
E-60 PARKLAND 
0.04125 
0.10196
3.95205 
0.6881 
FB-80 BURNTWOOD 
0.99304 
2.45442 
4.93348 
1.70325 
FC-90 CHURCHILL 
0.22644 
0.55967 
5.84823 
0.62753 
G-15 BRANDON 
0.08511 
0.21035 
3.70453 
-0.27342 
GM-50 MARQUETTE 
-0.2787 
-0.68884 
3.6948 
0.33497 
GS-55 SOUTH WESTMAN 
-0.53645 
-1.32591 
3.30891 
0.08284 
K-10 WPG 
0.03617 
0.08939 
3.78977 
-0.29025 
Standard Deviation 
0.404592 
0.999999 
0.540038 

 
Table 5: 1996 Census SEFI by Regional Health Authority 
RHA 
SEFI96

(Centred) 

SSEFI96

(Standardized) 

D_PREMA

Direct Adjusted PMR

SERI8691 
40 CENTRAL 
-0.12184 
-0.296853 
3.26453 
0.10083 
20 NORTH EASTMAN 
0.09655 
0.2352357 
3.62516 
0.18826 
25 SOUTH EASTMAN 
-0.35383
-0.862076 
2.9661 
0.11366 
30 INTERLAKE 
0.06209 
0.1512769 
3.86917 
0.16394 
70 NORMAN 
0.52311 
1.2745121 
5.354 
0.7197 
60 PARKLAND 
0.0533 
0.1298608 
3.87476 
0.6881 
80 BURNTWOOD 
0.98514 
2.4002081 
4.87727 
1.70325 
90 CHURCHILL 
0.51102 
1.2450559 
5.55452 
0.62753 
15 BRANDON 
-0.11917 
-0.290347 
3.24775 
-0.27342 
50 MARQUETTE 
-0.18557 
-0.452125 
3.66615 
0.33497 
55 SOUTH WESTMAN 
-0.46884 
-1.142288 
3.39708 
0.08284 
10 WPG 
-0.01993 
-0.048558 
3.6536 
-0.29025 
Standard Deviation 
0.4104394 
1.0 
0.5400382 


 

Appendix 1: Principal Component Coefficients for Unemployment Index 
Age-Specific Rate 
1986 Census Coefficients1
1991 Census Coefficients2
1996 Census Coefficients3
Age 15-24  0.501  0.560  0.521 
Age 25-34  0.531  0.520  0.542 
Age 35-44  0.478  0.455  0.540 
Age 45-54  0.488  0.456  0.378 
1 f=unmr_86_2.sas

2 f=unmr_91.sas

3 f=unmr_96.sas 

Appendix 2: Principal Component Coefficients for Education Index
Age-Specific Rate 
1986 Census Coefficients1
1991 Census Coefficients2
1996 Census Coefficients3
Age 25-34  0.597  0.575  0.576 
Age 35-44  0.567  0.601  0.583 
Age 45-54  0.566  0.555  0.574 
1 f=edhp_86_2.sas

2 f=edhp_91.sas

3 f=edhp_96.sas 

Appendix 3:Principal Component Coefficients for Socioeconomic Factor Index
Socioeconomic Characteristic 
1986 Census Coefficients1
1991 Census Coefficients2
1996 Census Coefficients3
Age Dependency Ratio -0.235  -0.214  -0.187 
Percent Single Parent 0.234  0.442  0.411 
Percent Female Single Parent  0.214  0.401  0.363 
Labour Force Participation Women  -0.497  -0.432  -0.436 
Unemployment Principal Comp Factor  0.540  0.510  0.533 
Education Principal Comp Factor  -0.552  -0.388  -0.436 
1 f=stepwise_pphsi86_2.sas

2 f=stepwise_pphsi91_2.sas

3 f=sesind_munc96.sas 


©2003 Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP)