Concept: Level of Care (LOC) Received

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Concept Description

Last Updated: 1998-01-16

Introduction
    Level of care received refers to the particular type of hospital in which care is received. Hospitals range from small institutions, having less than 15 beds, to large, urban, teaching hospitals with hundreds of beds and a capacity to provide specialized services. Use of one type of hospital instead of another has implications for the availability of specialized services, distance a patient might travel, and resource costs of providing care. Hospitals may be grouped according to their similarities (in terms of size, level of specialization, and environment) to permit analyses of the relative rates of use of different levels of hospital care.
Levels of Care
    Level of care is identified by receiving care in one of the following hospitals:

    • teaching
    • urban community
    • major rural
    • intermediate rural
    • small rural
    • small multi-use
    • northern isolated

    Or care may be received from one of 4 other categories according to their role in the community:

    • Personal Care Home
    • chronic and rehabilitation institutions
    • federal nursing stations
    • out of province facilities

    These various levels of care were defined through the Capital Planning project.

    Level of care received in a hospital should not be confused with level of care as defined by the personal care home. PCH Level of Care refers to the number of hours of care each patient should receive depending on an assessment. For related material refer to the Level of Care - In Personal Care Home (PCH) concept.

Related concepts 

Related terms 

References 

  • Black C, Roos NP, Burchill CA. Utilization of Hospital Resources. Volume I: Key Findings. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 1993. [Full Report] (View)
  • Black C, Roos NP, Burchill CA. Utilization of Hospital Resources. Volume II: Methods and Tables. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 1993. [Full Report] (View)
  • Bruce S, Black C, Burchill C, De Haney S. Profile of Medical Patients who were Assessed as Requiring Observation-Level Services at Winnipeg Acute Care Hospitals in 1998/99. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2002. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Frohlich N, Markesteyn T, Roos NP, Carriere KC, Black C, De Coster C, Burchill CA, MacWilliam L. A Report on the Health Status, Socio-Economic Risk and Health Care Use of the Manitoba Population, 1992-93 and Overview of the 1990-91 to 1992-93 Findings. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 1994. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Roos NP, Burchill CA, Black CD. Utilization of hospital resources. Med Care 1995;33 (12 Suppl):55-72. [Abstract] (View)

Keywords 

  • hospitalization