Max Rady College of Medicine

Term: Tuberculosis (TB)

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2011-05-18


Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that is acquired through an infection from a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB is highly contagious: it is spread through the air by individuals with infected lungs or throats when they cough, sneeze, or talk. (Martens et al., 2010).

As a communicable disease, TB is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and a significant public health concern. Active TB cases have frequent contact with the healthcare system. TB treatment is a lengthy and complex process that requires multiple medications, frequent monitoring, and follow-up with multiple healthcare professionals. Treatment of individuals with Latent Tuberculosis Infection (LTBI) is less resource intensive. (Lix et al., 2018).

For more information on TB, including the ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CA codes and laboratory methods used to identify TB in MCHP research, see the Tuberculosis (TB) - Method of Identification concept.

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  • Martens P, Brownell M, Au W, MacWiliam L, Prior H, Schultz J, Guenette W, Elliott L, Buchan S, Anderson M, Caetano P, Metge C, Santos R, Serwonka K. Health Inequities in Manitoba: Is the Socioeconomic Gap in Health Widening or Narrowing Over Time? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2010. [Report] [Summary] [Updates and Errata] [Additional Materials] (View)

Term used in 

  • Lix L, Smith M, Azimaee M, Dahl M, Nicol P, Burchill C, Burland E, Goh C, Schultz J, Bailly A. A Systematic Investigation of Manitoba's Provincial Laboratory Data. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Lix LM, Plourde PJ, Larcombe L, Kinew KA, Basham CA, Derksen S, Srisakuldee W, Schultz J, McCulloch S. Exploring Tuberculosis Treatment, Management, and Prevention in Manitoba's Administrative Health Data. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2018. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Smith M, Finlayson G, Martens P, Dunn J, Prior H, Taylor C, Soodeen RA, Burchill C, Guenette W, Hinds A. Social Housing in Manitoba. Part II: Social Housing and Health in Manitoba: A First Look. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Report] [Summary] (View)

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Manitoba Centre for Health Policy
Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine,
Rady Faculty of Health Sciences,
Room 408-727 McDermot Ave.
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MB R3E 3P5 Canada