Last Updated: 2012-11-05
A vaginal birth that is not coded as a caesarean birth (C-section) and not assisted by forceps or vacuum extraction.
Heaman M, Kingston D, Helewa M, Brownell M, Derksen S, Bogdanovic B, McGowan K, Bailly A.
Perinatal Services and Outcomes in Manitoba.
Manitoba Centre for Health Policy,
2012. [Summary] [Full Report] [Errata] (View)