Max Rady College of Medicine

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1. Accused Appeal
An accused appeal is a process where a person accused of a crime wants the court to re-assess all the trial documents and evidence to determine if the outcome was fair and appropriate. (Source:
2. Acquittal
An acquittal is when the judge or jury finds the accused “not guilty.” This occurs when the judge or jury does not believe the accused committed the offence beyond a reasonable doubt. In other words, the judge or jury is not certain that the accused i...
3. Act
An Act (also called a statute) is a form of law that is enacted by legislature. An Act concentrates on a specific subject and outlines the provisions and regulations relevant to it. Some examples include: The Criminal Code (CC), the Controlled Drugs and S...
4. Charge Count
A count refers to a specific accusation made against the individual or the basis for bringing a case. One count means one charge.
5. Community Service
Community service is a sentencing alternative to jail time in which the convicted offender performs a certain number of unpaid work hours for the benefit of the public. (Source: Irwin Law website - ...
6. Crimes Against Society
Crimes against society is a category of crime where there is typically no specific victim. This includes certain types of prohibited activity such as drug offences, arson, weapons possession, and motor vehicle offence such as impaired driving.
7. Crown
The Crown is a legal term of art for His Majesty the King. In a courtroom, the Crown prosecutor is the lawyer acting for the government. They are partly presenting evidence against the individual accused of a crime to try and establish their guilt.
8. Crown Appeal
A Crown appeal means that the lawyers acting for the government (the Crown attorneys) have challenged the outcome of a case and want it to be reviewed by another judge.
9. Crown Opinion Diversion
The Crown (lawyers working for the government) can offer the accused a diversion if they think a restorative justice approach such as community service would be more beneficial than a fine or jail time.
10. Custody
Custody is a state of physically holding or controlling a person or a piece of property. In criminal law, a person is in custody after being arrested or convicted of a crime. (Source: Cornell Law School Legal I...

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Manitoba Centre for Health Policy
Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine,
Rady Faculty of Health Sciences,
Room 408-727 McDermot Ave.
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MB R3E 3P5 Canada