Max Rady College of Medicine

Term: Prenatal and Family Risk Factors

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2008-11-18


These are risk factors associated with poor child outcomes. In Brownell et al. (2008), six prenatal and family risk factors were investigated, based on information contained in the two-stage screening process for families in Manitoba Health's Families First program. These include:

  1. maternal substance use during pregnancy,
  2. maternal smoking during pregnancy,
  3. degree of social support,
  4. maternal depression,
  5. maternal education, and
  6. relationship distress.
Three or more risk factors indicate that a family may require additional supports such as intensive home visiting, financial support, parenting programs, mental health services, or child care. (Chartier et al., 2012).

Related concepts 

Related terms 


  • Brownell M, De Coster C, Penfold R, Derksen S, Au W, Schultz J, Dahl M. Manitoba Child Health Atlas Update. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2008. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Chartier M, Finlayson G, Prior H, McGowan K, Chen H, de Rocquigny J, Walld R, Gousseau M. Health and Healthcare Utilization of Francophones in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Report] [Summary] (View)

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Manitoba Centre for Health Policy
Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine,
Rady Faculty of Health Sciences,
Room 408-727 McDermot Ave.
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MB R3E 3P5 Canada