Max Rady College of Medicine

Term: Average Household Income (Neighbourhood Income)

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2010-08-05


The average household income is the mean income of households at the neighbourhood level from the Canadian Census. In the census, a household refers to all persons who live within the same dwelling, regardless of their relationship to each other. Household income is the sum of incomes of all persons in the household. Individual level household income values are not available, so residents are assigned the average household income of the neighbourhood in which they reside.

In Martens et al. (2010), average household income from the 2001 Canadian Census was used. Values were assigned at the dissemination area (DA) where available. Statistics Canada suppresses average household income values for DAs with populations less than 250 persons. In these cases, the average household income value at the Census Subdivision (CSD) level was imputed. A further imputation was required for some First Nations communities: northern and southern First Nations communities (north or south of the 60th parallel, respectively) with suppressed average household income at both the DA and CSD level were assigned the weighted mean value of average household income of the northern or southern First Nations communities with non-missing average household income.

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  • Martens PJ, Bartlett J, Burland E, Prior H, Burchill C, Huq S, Romphf L, Sanguins J, Carter S, Bailly A. Profile of Metis Health Status and Healthcare Utilization in Manitoba: A Population-Based Study. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2010. [Report] [Summary] [Updates and Errata] [Additional Materials] (View)

Term used in 

  • Chateau D, Metge C, Prior H, Soodeen RA. Learning from the census: The socio-economic factor index (SEFI) and health outcomes in Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2012;103(Suppl 2):S23-S27. [Abstract] [Report] (View)
  • Garland A, Fransoo R, Olafson K, Ramsey C, Yogendran M, Chateau D, McGowan K. The Epidemiology and Outcomes of Critical Illness in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Heaman M, Kingston D, Helewa M, Brownell M, Derksen S, Bogdanovic B, McGowan K, Bailly A. Perinatal Services and Outcomes in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Report] [Summary] [Updates and Errata] (View)
  • Martens P, Brownell M, Au W, MacWiliam L, Prior H, Schultz J, Guenette W, Elliott L, Buchan S, Anderson M, Caetano P, Metge C, Santos R, Serwonka K. Health Inequities in Manitoba: Is the Socioeconomic Gap in Health Widening or Narrowing Over Time? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2010. [Report] [Summary] [Updates and Errata] [Additional Materials] (View)

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Manitoba Centre for Health Policy
Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine,
Rady Faculty of Health Sciences,
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University of Manitoba
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