Term: Income Quintiles

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2013-10-04

Definition:

An income quintile divides the population into five income quintiles (from lowest income to highest income) such that 20% of the population is in each group. The quintiles are based on Dissemination Area (DA) level average household income values from the public-use Census files. The income quintiles are created separately for two population groups: urban (Winnipeg and Brandon) and rural (other Manitoba areas). Each person within a DA is "attributed" the average household income of the DA, so this is not an individual income but rather an area-level income measure. Individuals whose postal code does not link with a DA, whose DA has a suppressed average household income or those who live in DA where 90% or more of the population is institutionalized (i.e., Personal Care Home (PCH), prison) cannot not be attributed an income quintile and are referred to as "Income Unknown." Income quintiles are often used as a proxy measure of socio-economic status.

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References 

  • Fransoo R, Martens P, The Need to Know Team, Prior H, Burchill C, Koseva I, Rajotte L. Who is in our Hospitals.and why? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)

Term used in 

  • Brownell M, Martens PJ, Kozyrskyj A, Fergusson P, Lerfald J, Mayer T, Derksen S, Friesen D. Assessing the Health of Children in Manitoba: A Population-Based Study. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 2001. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
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  • Brownell M, Roos NP. Monitoring the Winnipeg Hospital System: The Update Report 1993/1994. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 1996. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Brownell M, Lix L, Ekuma O, Derksen S, Dehaney S, Bond R, Fransoo R, MacWilliam L, Bodnarchuk J. Why is the Health Status of Some Manitobans Not Improving? The Widening Gap in the Health Status of Manitobans. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2003. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Chartier M, Finlayson G, Prior H, McGowan K, Chen H, de Rocquigny J, Walld R, Gousseau M. Health and Healthcare Utilization of Francophones in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • De Coster C, Chateau D, Dahl M, Soodeen RA, McKeen N. Waiting Times for Surgery, Manitoba 1999/2000 to 2003/04. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2007. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Fransoo R, Martens P, Burland E, The Need to Know Team, Prior H, Burchill C. Manitoba RHA Indicators Atlas 2009. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2009. [Full Report] [Summary] [Data extras] (View)
  • Fransoo R, Martens P, The Need to Know Team, Burland E, Prior H, Burchill C, Chateau D, Walld R. Sex Differences in Health Status, Health Care Use, and Quality of Care: A Population-Based Analysis for Manitoba's Regional Health Authorities. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2005. [Full Report] [Summary] [Data extras] (View)
  • Fransoo R, Martens P, The Need to Know Team, Prior H, Burchill C, Koseva I, Bailly A, Allegro E. The 2013 RHA Indicators Atlas. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Full Report] [Summary] [Data extras] (View)
  • Garland A, Fransoo R, Olafson K, Ramsey C, Yogendran M, Chateau D, McGowan K. The Epidemiology and Outcomes of Critical Illness in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Gupta S, Roos LL, Walld R, Traverse D, Dahl M. Delivering equitable care: comparing preventive services in Manitoba. Am J Public Health 2003;93(12):2086-2092. [Abstract] (View)
  • Heaman M, Kingston D, Helewa M, Brownell M, Derksen S, Bogdanovic B, McGowan K, Bailly A. Perinatal Services and Outcomes in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Full Report] [Summary] [Errata] (View)
  • Hilderman T, Katz A, Derksen S, McGowan K, Chateau D, Kurbis C, Allison S, Reimer JN. Manitoba Immunization Study. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2011. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Katz A, Martens P, Chateau D, Bogdanovic B, Koseva I, McDougall C, Boriskewich E. Understanding the Health System Use of Ambulatory Care Patients. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Katz A, De Coster C, Bogdanovic B, Soodeen R, Chateau D. Using Administrative Data to Develop Indicators of Quality in Family Practice. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2004. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Kozyrskyj A, Raymond C, Dahl M, Ekuma O, Schultz J, Sklepowich M, Bond R. Effects of Manitoba Pharmacare Formulary Policy on Utilization of Prescription Medications. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2009. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Kozyrskyj A, Lix L, Dahl M, Soodeen R. High-cost Users of Pharmaceuticals: Who are They? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2005. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Kozyrskyj A, Mustard CA, Cheang MS, Simons FER. Income-based drug benefit policy: Impact on receipt of inhaled corticosteroid prescriptions by Manitoba children with asthma. Can Med Assoc J 2001;165(7):897-902. [Abstract] (View)
  • Leslie WD, Derksen S, Metge C, Lix LM, Salamon EA, Wood SP, Roos LL. Fracture risk among First Nations people: a retrospective matched cohort study. CMAJ 2004;171(8):869-873. [Abstract] (View)
  • Lix L, Smith M, Azimaee M, Dahl M, Nicol P, Burchill C, Burland E, Goh C, Schultz J, Bailly A. A Systematic Investigation of Manitoba's Provincial Laboratory Data. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Martens P, Brownell M, Au W, MacWiliam L, Prior H, Schultz J, Guenette W, Elliott L, Buchan S, Anderson M, Caetano P, Metge C, Santos R, Serwonka K. Health Inequities in Manitoba: Is the Socioeconomic Gap in Health Widening or Narrowing Over Time? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2010. [Full Report] [Summary] [Data extras] [Errata] (View)
  • Martens PJ, Derksen S, Mayer T, Walld R. Being born in Manitoba: a look at perinatal health issues. Can J Public Health 2002;93 Suppl 2(2 Suppl):S33-S38. [Abstract] (View)
  • Martens PJ, Fransoo R, McKeen N, The Need to Know Team, Burland E, Jebamani L, Burchill C, De Coster C, Ekuma O, Prior H, Chateau D, Robinson R, Metge C. Patterns of Regional Mental Illness Disorder Diagnoses and Service Use in Manitoba: A Population-Based Study. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2004. [Full Report] [Summary] [Data extras] (View)
  • Menec V, Lix L, Steinbach C, Ekuma O, Sirski M, Dahl M, Soodeen R. Patterns of Health Care Use and Cost at the End of Life. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2004. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Menec V, MacWilliam L, Soodeen R, Mitchell L. The Health and Health Care Use of Manitoba's Seniors: Have They Changed Over Time? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2002. [Full Report] [Summary] [Data extras] (View)
  • Metge C, Kozyrskyj A, Dahl M, Yogendran M, Roos NP. Pharmaceuticals: Focussing on Appropriate Utilization. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2003. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Mustard CA, Derksen S, Kozyrskyj A. A Description of the Use of Insured Health Care Services by Income Assistance Recipients in the Province of Manitoba: A Pilot Study. Recipients of Income Assistance for Mental Health Disability. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 2000. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Mustard CA. The Utilization of Prenatal Care and Relationship to Birthweight Outcome in Winnipeg, 1987-88 (Report #93-01). Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 1993. [Full Report] (View)
  • Roos N, Burchill C, Carriere K. Who are the high hospital users? A Canadian case study. J Health Serv Res Policy 2003;8(1):5-10. [Abstract] (View)
  • Roos NP, Stranc L, Peterson S, Mitchell L, Bogdanovic B, Shapiro E. A Look at Home Care in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2001. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Roos NP, Fransoo R, Bogdanovic B, Friesen D, MacWilliam L. Issues in the Management of Specialist Physician Resources for Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 1997. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Roos NP, Shapiro E. Using the information system to assess change: The impact of downsizing the acute sector. Med Care 1995;33(12 Suppl):D5109-D5126.(View)
  • Santos R, Brownell M, Ekuma O, Mayer T, Soodeen R-A. The Early Development Instrument (EDI) in Manitoba: Linking Socioeconomic Adversity and Biological Vulnerability at Birth to Children's Outcomes at Age 5. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Smith M, Finlayson G, Martens P, Dunn J, Prior H, Taylor C, Soodeen RA, Burchill C, Guenette W, Hinds A. Social Housing in Manitoba. Part II: Social Housing and Health in Manitoba: A First Look. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)
  • Steingart RM, Packer M, Hamm P, Coglianese ME, Gersh B, Geltman EM, Sollano J, Katz S, Moye L, Basta LL. Sex differences in the management of coronary artery disease. Survival and Ventricular Enlargement Investigators. N Engl J Med 1991;325(4):226-230. [Abstract] (View)
  • Watson D, Bogdanovic B, Heppner P, Katz A, Reid RJ, Roos NP. Supply, Availability and Use of Family Physicians in Winnipeg. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2003. [Full Report] [Summary] (View)


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