Max Rady College of Medicine

Term: Household Income

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2015-05-12


Household income is the total annual gross income for all people living in the same household.

This information is available from different survey data and is reported in different ways. For example:

  • The Canadian Census allows a person to enter the exact dollar amount for household income;

  • The Manitoba Heart Health Survey (MHHS) allows a range of possible responses:
    • "under $12,000",
    • "$12,000 to $24,999",
    • "$25,000 to $49,999",
    • "$50,000 to $74,999", or
    • "$75,000 and over".

  • The National Population Health Survey (NPHS) and Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) allows "less than $40,000" or "$40,000 or more". Based on the initial answer, a derived variable for household income was calculated that grouped household income as:
    • "no income",
    • "less than $5,000",
    • "$5,000-$9,999",
    • "$10,000-$14,999",
    • "$15,000-$19,999",
    • "$20,000-$29,999",
    • "$30,000-$39,999",
    • "$40,000-$49,999",
    • "$50,000-$59,999",
    • "$60,000-$79,999", or
    • "$80,000 or more".

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Term used in 

  • Kozyrskyj A, Carrie AG, Mazowita GB, Lix L, Klassen TP, Law B. Decrease in antibiotic use among children in the 1990s: not all antibiotics, not all children. CMAJ 2004;171(2):133-138. [Abstract] (View)
  • Kozyrskyj A, Dahl ME, Chateau DG, Mazowita GB, Klassen TP, Law BJ. Evidence-based prescribing of antibiotics for children: Role of socioeconomic status and physician characteristics. Can Med Assoc J 2004;171(2):139-145. [Abstract] (View)
  • Martens PJ, Bond R, Jebamani L, Burchill C, Roos NP, Derksen S, Beaulieu M, Steinbach C, MacWilliam L, Walld R, Dik N, Sanderson D, Health Information and Research Committee AoMC, Tanner-Spence M, Leader A, Elias B, O'Neil J. The Health and Health Care Use of Registered First Nations People Living in Manitoba: A Population-Based Study. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2002. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)

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Manitoba Centre for Health Policy
Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine,
Rady Faculty of Health Sciences,
Room 408-727 McDermot Ave.
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MB R3E 3P5 Canada