Term: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2012-06-21


A term that describes a wide range of effects that can occur in an individual who was exposed to alcohol during pregnancy (Chudley et al., 2005). Some of these effects last a lifetime and may include physical, mental, behavioural, and cognitive disabilities (Streissguth et al., 2004).

In Brownell et al. (2012), FASD was defined for children aged 0 to 19 with a diagnosis of 'ARND' (alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder), 'ARND/ARBD' (alcohol-related birth defects), 'FAS' (fetal alcohol syndrome), 'FAS/ARBD', or 'Partial FAS', which are diagnostic categories taken from the Manitoba FASD Centre clinical database.

Related concepts 

Related terms 


  • Chudley A, Conry J, Cook J, Loock C, Rosales T, LeBlanc N, Public Health Agency of Canada's National Advisory Committee on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Canadian Guidelines for Diagnosis. CMAJ 2005;172(Suppl 5):S1-S21.(View)
  • Streissguth AP, Bookstein FL, Barr HM, Sampson PD, O'Malley K, Young JK. Risk factors for adverse life outcomes in fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol effects. J Dev Behav Pediatr 2004;25(4):228-238.(View)

Term used in 

  • Brownell M, Chartier M, Santos R, Ekuma O, Au W, Sarkar J, MacWilliam L, Burland E, Koseva I, Guenette W. How are Manitoba's Children Doing? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Summary] [Full Report] [Data extras] [Errata] (View)
  • Chartier M, Finlayson G, Prior H, McGowan K, Chen H, de Rocquigny J, Walld R, Gousseau M. Health and Healthcare Utilization of Francophones in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Heaman M, Kingston D, Helewa M, Brownell M, Derksen S, Bogdanovic B, McGowan K, Bailly A. Perinatal Services and Outcomes in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Summary] [Full Report] [Errata] (View)
  • Ruth C, Brownell M, Isbister J, MacWilliam L, Gammon H, Singal D, Soodeen R, McGowan K, Kulbaba C, Boriskewich E. Long-Term Outcomes Of Manitoba's Insight Mentoring Program: A Comparative Statistical Analysis . Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2015. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)