Term: Prenatal and Family Risk Factors

Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2008-11-18


These are risk factors associated with poor child outcomes. In Brownell et al. (2008), six prenatal and family risk factors were investigated, based on information contained in the two-stage screening process for families in Manitoba Health's Families First program. These include:

  1. maternal substance use during pregnancy,
  2. maternal smoking during pregnancy,
  3. degree of social support,
  4. maternal depression,
  5. maternal education, and
  6. relationship distress.
Three or more risk factors indicate that a family may require additional supports such as intensive home visiting, financial support, parenting programs, mental health services, or child care. (Chartier et al., 2012).

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