Concept: Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) - Measuring Prevalence
Last Updated: 2020-05-15
MCHP Algorithms for Defining Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM)
1. Identifying Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) From Administrative Data
TRM can be identified by ICD diagnoses codes in the Hospital Abstract data or from the Medical Services / Physician Visits) data. A standard, consistent set of diagnosis codes have been used in all research projects, depending on the years of study in the project.NOTE: In the Hospital Abstract data, ICD-9-CM coding is used up to March 31, 2004. From April 1, 2004 forward, ICD-10-CA coding is used. In the Medical Services data, 3-digit ICD-9-CM coding is used. For more information on the use of and changes in ICD coding in different MCHP data sets, see the International Classification of Disease (ICD) Coding in MCHP Data concept.
TRM includes the following respiratory illnesses as defined by the corresponding International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes:
- Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis ** - ICD-9-CM codes: 466, 490, 491; ICD-10-CA codes: J20, J21, J40, J41, J42
- Emphysema - ICD-9-CM code: 492; ICD-10-CA code: J43
- Asthma - ICD-9-CM code: 493; ICD-10-CA code: J45
- Chronic airway obstruction - ICD-9-CM code: 496; ICD-10-CA code: J44** Specific types of Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis are represented by the following ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CA codes:In the hospital and physician data, TRM is defined by one of the following conditions, using the ICD diagnosis codes listed above:
- 466, J20, J21 = acute bronchitis and bronchiolitis;
- 490, J40 = bronchitis, not specified as acute or chronic; and
- 491, J41, J42 = chronic bronchitis
- one or more hospitalizations with a diagnosis of TRM (using ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CA codes within the appropriate time frame), OR
- one or more physician visits with a diagnosis of TRM (using ICD-9-CM codes).TRM in MCHP Research From Administrative Data2. Identifying Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) From Survey Data
For more information on how TRM from Hospital Abstracts and Medical Services data is investigated and reported in MCHP research, please read the noted sections in the following deliverables:
- 5.7 Total Respiratory Morbidity Treatment Prevalence in The Manitoba RHA Indicators Atlas: Population-Based Comparison of Health and Health Care Use (2003) deliverable.
- 3.3 Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) Treatment Prevalence in the Sex Differences in Health Status, Health Care Use, and Quality of Care: A Population-Based Analysis for Manitoba's Regional Health Authorities (2005) deliverable.
- 4.3 Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) in the Manitoba RHA Indicators Atlas 2009 (2009) deliverable.
- 5.3 Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) in the Profile of Metis Health Status and Healthcare Utilization in Manitoba: A Population-Based Study (2010) deliverable.
- Total Respiratory Morbidity in the Adult Obesity in Manitoba: Prevalence, Associations, and Outcomes (2011) deliverable.
- Influenza Vaccination in those with Respiratory Illness in the Manitoba Immunization Study (2011) deliverable.
- 5.7 Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) in the Health and Healthcare Utilization of Francophones in Manitoba (2012) deliverable.
- Total Respiratory Morbidity in the Understanding the Health System Use of Ambulatory Care Patients (2013) deliverable.
- Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) in the Social Housing in Manitoba. Part II: Social Housing and Health in Manitoba: A First Look (2013) deliverable.
- 4.4 Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) Prevalence in The 2013 RHA Indicators Atlas (2013) deliverable.
- People with Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) who received an influenza vaccination in the Physician Integrated Network: A Second Look (2014) deliverable.
- 4.4 Total Respiratory Morbidity (TRM) Prevalence in The 2019 RHA Indicators Atlas (2019) deliverable.
In The Cost of Smoking: A Manitoba Study deliverable by Martens et al. (2015) they calculated TRM prevalence rates two ways; one using administrative data and the other using self-reported survey data. Using the administrative data, the weighted crude prevalence of TRM was calculated for survey respondents aged 12 and older in year before their survey date. TRM was defined by one of the following conditions:
- one or more hospitalizations with a diagnosis of asthma, chronic or acute bronchitis, emphysema, or chronic airway obstruction: ICD-9-CM codes 466, 490, 491, 492, 493, or 496; ICD-10-CA codes J20, J21, J40–J45 (these are the same codes listed above in section 1); or
- one or more physician visits with a diagnosis of asthma, chronic or acute bronchitis, emphysema, or chronic airway obstruction (ICD-9-CM codes as above).
Using the survey data, questions about respiratory disease were asked in the National Population Health Survey (NPHS) and all waves of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) except CCHS 2.2. Respondents were asked a series of questions that varied slightly across surveys, but most respondents were asked questions such as, "Do you have asthma?", "Do you have chronic bronchitis?" and "Do you have emphysema?" Possible responses include "yes", "no", or "don't know". The weighted crude self-reported prevalence of TRM was calculated for survey respondents aged 12 and older as the percentage of respondents who answered "yes" out of all respondents who gave a valid answer. Respondents who answered "don't know" or those with missing or invalid data were excluded from the prevalence calculation.
For more information, Table 4.8 Chronic Diseases of Estimated-Population-Based Sample* at Time of Survey by Smoking Status Categories lists the prevalence rates of TRM from survey (self-reported) and administrative data found in this report.