Term: Socio-Economic Status (SES)

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2011-01-27

Definition:

Characteristics of economic, social and physical environments in which individuals live and work, as well as their demographic and genetic characteristics.

MCHP has used different measures of SES in its research, including: Income and Education quintiles/quartiles and Socio-Economic Risk Index (SERI) or Socio-Economic Factor Index (SEFI) scores. With income quintiles, SES is often ranked from 1 (poor) to 5 (wealthy), based on ranges of mean household income (from Statistics Canada census information), and grouped into five categories with each quintile assigned to approximately 20% of the population.

In Raymond et al. (2011), SES was measured based on out of pocket expenses for prescription medications (Manitoba has an income based deductible for the provincial Pharmacare program) and median neighbourhood income quintile (from Statistics Canada census files). Prescription drug users were divided into three groups, as follows:

  • Lower income: individuals in the lowest and second lowest median neighbourhood income quintile;
  • Higher income: individuals residing in the neighbourhoods with the three highest median neighbourhood income quintiles; and
  • Income unknown: individuals who cannot be assigned a neighbourhood income from the census data. This category includes individuals residing in facilities such as personal care homes, psychiatric facilities, prisons, or wards of the Public Trustee and Child and Family services.
Please see the related concepts and glossary terms below for more detailed information on individual measures of SES.

Related concepts 

Related terms 

References 

  • Black C, Roos NP, Fransoo R, Martens PJ. Comparative Indicators of Population Health and Health Care use for Manitoba's Regional Health Authorities: A POPULIS Project. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation, 1999. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
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Term used in 

  • Brownell M, Yogendran M. Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Manitoba children: Medical diagnosis and psychostimulant treatment rates. Can J Psychiatry 2001;46(3):264-272. [Abstract] (View)
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  • Brownell M, De Coster C, Penfold R, Derksen S, Au W, Schultz J, Dahl M. Manitoba Child Health Atlas Update. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2008. [Summary] [Full Report] [Data extras] (View)
  • Brownell M, Santos R, Kozyrskyj A, Roos N, Au W, Dik N, Chartier M, Girard D, Ekuma O, Sirski M, Tonn N, Schultz J. Next Steps in the Provincial Evaluation of the BabyFirst Program: Measuring Early Impacts on Outcomes Associated with Child Maltreatment. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2007. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Chartier M, Finlayson G, Prior H, McGowan K, Chen H, de Rocquigny J, Walld R, Gousseau M. Health and Healthcare Utilization of Francophones in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Demeter S, Reed M, Lix L, MacWilliam L, Leslie WD. Socioeconomic status and the utilization of diagnostic imaging in an urban setting. Can Med Assoc J 2005;173(10):1173-1177. [Abstract] (View)
  • Doupe M, Brownell M, Kozyrskyj A, Dik N, Burchill C, Dahl M, Chateau D, De Coster C, Hinds A, Bodnarchuk J. Using Administrative Data to Develop Indicators of Quality Care in Personal Care Homes. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2006. [Summary] [Full Report] [Data extras] (View)
  • Finlayson G, Smith M, Burchill C, Towns D, Peeler W, Soodeen RA, Prior H, Huq S, Guenette W. Social Housing in Manitoba. Part I: Manitoba Social Housing Data. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Finlayson GS, Forget E, Ekuma O, Derksen S, Bond R, Martens P, De Coster C. Allocating Funds for Healthcare in Manitoba Regional Health Authorities: A First Step--Population-Based Funding. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2007. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Fransoo R, Martens P, Prior H, Chateau D, McDougall C, Schultz J, McGowan K, Soodeen R, Bailly A. Adult Obesity in Manitoba: Prevalence, Associations, and Outcomes. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2011. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
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  • Katz A, Chateau D, Bogdanovic B, Taylor C, McGowan K-L, Rajotte L, Dziadek J. Physician Integrated Network: A Second Look. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2014. [Summary] [Full Report] [Errata] (View)
  • Katz A, Bogdanovic B, Ekuma O, Soodeen RA, Chateau D, Burnett C. Physician Resource Projection Models . Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2009. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Katz A, Martens P, Chateau D, Bogdanovic B, Koseva I, McDougall C, Boriskewich E. Understanding the Health System Use of Ambulatory Care Patients. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Martens P, Frohlich N, Carriere K, Derksen S, Brownell M. Embedding child health within a framework of regional health: Population health status and sociodemographic indicators. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2002;93((Suppl)(2)):S15-S20. [Abstract] (View)
  • Martens PJ, Brownell MD, Kozyrskyj A. The virtual classroom: a summary of child health indicators. Can J Public Health 2002;93 Suppl 2(2 Suppl):77-80. [Abstract] (View)
  • Menec V, Sirski M, Attawar D. Does continuity of care matter in a universally insured population? Health Serv Res 2005;40:389-400. [Abstract] (View)
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