Term: First Nations Community

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2019-11-15


In Katz et al. (2019), First Nations Community refers to the 63 identified First Nations in Manitoba and includes both status and non-status residents on reserve. The federal Indian Act (1876) specifies that First Nation communities or nations of Indigenous peoples in Canada can be made up of several bands (Legalline.ca, 2019; Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, 2017). This term is sometimes used instead of "First Nation Reserve".

In previous MCHP research (Heaman et al. (2012); Fransoo et al. (2013)), First Nations communities were defined as, a legal list of First Nations communities maintained by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC), (formerly called Indian and Northern Affairs Canada - (INAC)) that includes the following Census Sub Division (CSD) types: Indian Government Districts, Reserves, Indian Settlements, Terre Reservées, Nisga'a Lands, Nisga'a Villages and Teslin Lands. By definition, AANDC's complete list of First Nations communities includes:

  • Land reserved under the Indian Act
  • Land set aside for the use and benefit of Indian people
  • Areas where activities on the land are paid or administered by AANDC or
  • Areas listed in the Indian Lands Registry System held by Lands and Trust Services at AANDC.
This broader definition of a First Nation community includes a selection of the following CSD types: Chartered Community (CC), Hamlet (HAM), Northern Hamlet (NH), Northern Village (NV), Settlement (SET), Town (T), and Village (VL).

Related terms 



  • Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. About Indigenous peoples and communities. (Published on the Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada website: https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1461773087873/1461773141110 - Accessed April 16, 2019). 2017. Available from: https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1461773087873/1461773141110. [Abstract] (View)
  • Katz A, Avery Kinew K, Star L, Taylor C, Koseva I, Lavoie J, Burchill C, Urquia M, Basham A, Rajotte L, Ramayanam V, Jarmasz J, Burchill S. The Health Status of and Access to Healthcare by Registered First Nation Peoples in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2019. [Summary] [Full Report] [Data extras] [Errata] (View)
  • Legalline.ca. Nation and band membership. (Published on the Legalline website: https://www.legalline.ca/legal-answers/nation-and-band-membership/ - Accessed April 16, 2019.). 2019. Available from: https://www.legalline.ca/legal-answers/nation-and-band-membership/. [Abstract] (View)

Term used in 

  • Brownell M, Chartier M, Santos R, Ekuma O, Au W, Sarkar J, MacWilliam L, Burland E, Koseva I, Guenette W. How are Manitoba's Children Doing? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Summary] [Full Report] [Data extras] [Errata] (View)
  • Brownell M, De Coster C, Penfold R, Derksen S, Au W, Schultz J, Dahl M. Manitoba Child Health Atlas Update. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2008. [Summary] [Full Report] [Data extras] (View)
  • Brownell M, Santos R, Kozyrskyj A, Roos N, Au W, Dik N, Chartier M, Girard D, Ekuma O, Sirski M, Tonn N, Schultz J. Next Steps in the Provincial Evaluation of the BabyFirst Program: Measuring Early Impacts on Outcomes Associated with Child Maltreatment. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2007. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Finlayson GS, Forget E, Ekuma O, Derksen S, Bond R, Martens P, De Coster C. Allocating Funds for Healthcare in Manitoba Regional Health Authorities: A First Step--Population-Based Funding. Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2007. [Summary] [Full Report] (View)
  • Fransoo R, Martens P, The Need to Know Team, Prior H, Burchill C, Koseva I, Bailly A, Allegro E. The 2013 RHA Indicators Atlas. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Summary] [Full Report] [Data extras] (View)
  • Heaman M, Kingston D, Helewa M, Brownell M, Derksen S, Bogdanovic B, McGowan K, Bailly A. Perinatal Services and Outcomes in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Summary] [Full Report] [Errata] (View)