Max Rady College of Medicine

Term: Mood and Anxiety Disorders

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Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2012-10-16


"Mood and anxiety disorders consist of a large group of distressing mental disorders. Depressive disorders are characterized by depressed mood and diminished interest in almost all activities. Symptoms of bipolar disorders include elevated mood and increased energy that may or may not occur along with symptoms of depression. The main characteristics of anxiety disorders are excessive fear, anxiety, or worry and often avoidance of situations that provoke these strong emotions. Mood and anxiety disorders interfere with relationships with family and peers, cognitive abilities, and performance at school (Birmaher, Arbelaez, & Brent, 2002; Youngstrom, Birmaher, & Findling, 2008). [...] these disorders were grouped together because they often occur together and medications used to treat them are similar." in Chartier et al., 2016.

"Mood and anxiety disorders represent a broad spectrum of conditions that range from poor adjustment reactions and anxiety state to anxiety disorders, phobic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, depressive disorders, affective psychoses, and neurotic depression (Doupe et al., 2008; Martens et al., 2004; Martens et al., 2010)." in Brownell et al., 2012.

Mood disorder is the term given for a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) classification system where a disturbance in the person's mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature. Anxiety disorder is a group of diagnoses in this classification system that includes one or more anxiety disorders as the main diagnosis (Brownell et al., 2012).

For more information, including the ICD codes used to define mood and anxiety disorders in MCHP research, please see the Mood and Anxiety Disorders - Measuring Prevalence concept.

Related concepts 

Related terms 


  • Birmaher B, Arbelaez C, Brent D. Course and outcome of child and adilescent major depressive disorder. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 2002;11(3):619-637.(View)
  • Brownell M, Chartier M, Santos R, Ekuma O, Au W, Sarkar J, MacWilliam L, Burland E, Koseva I, Guenette W. How are Manitoba's Children Doing? Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2012. [Report] [Summary] [Updates and Errata] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Chartier M, Brownell M, MacWilliam L, Valdivia J, Nie Y, Ekuma O, Burchill C, Hu M, Rajotte L, Kulbaba C. The Mental Health of Manitoba's Children. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2016. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Doupe M, Kozyrskyj A, Soodeen R, Derksen S, Burchill C, Huq S. An Initial Analysis of Emergency Departments and Urgent Care in Winnipeg. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2008. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Martens PJ, Fransoo R, McKeen N, The Need to Know Team, Burland E, Jebamani L, Burchill C, De Coster C, Ekuma O, Prior H, Chateau D, Robinson R, Metge C. Patterns of Regional Mental Illness Disorder Diagnoses and Service Use in Manitoba: A Population-Based Study. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2004. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Martens PJ, Bartlett J, Burland E, Prior H, Burchill C, Huq S, Romphf L, Sanguins J, Carter S, Bailly A. Profile of Metis Health Status and Healthcare Utilization in Manitoba: A Population-Based Study. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2010. [Report] [Summary] [Updates and Errata] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Youngstrom EA, Birmaher B, Findling RL. Pediatric bipolar disorder: Validity, phemonenology, and recommendations for diagnosis. Bipolar Disord 2008;10(1 Pt 2):194-214.(View)

Term used in 

  • Brownell M, Nickel N, Turnbull L, Au W, Ekuma O, MacWilliam L, McCulloch S, Valdivia J, Boram Lee J, Wall-Wieler E, Enns J. The Overlap Between the Child Welfare and Youth Criminal Justice Systems: Documenting "Cross-Over Kids" in Manitoba. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2020. [Report] [Summary] [Updates and Errata] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Brownell M, Chartier M, Au W, Schultz J, Stevenson D, Mayer T, Young V, Thomson T, Towns D, Hong S, McCulloch S, Burchill S, Jarmasz J. The PAX Program in Manitoba: A Population-Based Analysis of Children's Outcomes. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2018. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Fransoo R, Martens P, The Need to Know Team, Prior H, Burchill C, Koseva I, Bailly A, Allegro E. The 2013 RHA Indicators Atlas. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Ruth C, Brownell M, Isbister J, MacWilliam L, Gammon H, Singal D, Soodeen R, McGowan K, Kulbaba C, Boriskewich E. Long-Term Outcomes Of Manitoba's Insight Mentoring Program: A Comparative Statistical Analysis . Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2015. [Report] [Summary] [Additional Materials] (View)
  • Smith M, Finlayson G, Martens P, Dunn J, Prior H, Taylor C, Soodeen RA, Burchill C, Guenette W, Hinds A. Social Housing in Manitoba. Part II: Social Housing and Health in Manitoba: A First Look. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Centre for Health Policy, 2013. [Report] [Summary] (View)

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