Term: Socio-Economic Status (SES)

Glossary Definition

Last Updated: 2011-01-27


Characteristics of economic, social and physical environments in which individuals live and work, as well as their demographic and genetic characteristics.

MCHP has used different measures of SES in its research, including: Income and Education quintiles/quartiles and Socio-Economic Risk Index (SERI) or Socio-Economic Factor Index (SEFI) scores. With income quintiles, SES is often ranked from 1 (poor) to 5 (wealthy), based on ranges of mean household income (from Statistics Canada census information), and grouped into five categories with each quintile assigned to approximately 20% of the population.

In Raymond et al. (2011), SES was measured based on out of pocket expenses for prescription medications (Manitoba has an income based deductible for the provincial Pharmacare program) and median neighbourhood income quintile (from Statistics Canada census files). Prescription drug users were divided into three groups, as follows:

Please see the related concepts and glossary terms below for more detailed information on individual measures of SES.

Related concepts 

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